Video Game Consoles

VIDEO GAME CONSOLES: READ MORE

Video Game Consoles

video game consoles collection

What is a Video Game Console?

Video Game Consoles: are devices that output a video signal or visual image to display a video game that one or more people can play. In other words, these are machines primarily designed for consumers to use for playing video games at home (in contrast to arcade machines or home computers).

While arcade machines are large, expensive to make and were designed to play games outside for money, home computers were designed for variety of purposes – such as bookkeeping, accessing the internet, storing and managing files or data, creating visual, textual or audio content and much more.

Video game consoles, on the other hand, were designed to be affordable, usable at home and for playing video games only.

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The Super Nintendo Entertainment System is a 16-bit home video game console developed by Nintendo. It was released in 1990 in Japan and South Korea, 1991 in North America, 1992 in Europe and Australasia (Oceania), and 1993 in South America.

Video Game Consoles List

List of Video Game Consoles (filtered)

To make the list easier to follow, some of the less known consoles have been removed from the following list. If you are looking for the complete list – check the next list below! You can use search box to filter results further, or use the arrow buttons to reorder the list!

NameRelease dateManufacturerUnits soldGeneration
Madnavox Odyssey1972Magnavox3500001st
Pong Clones1975-1978--1st
Fairchild Channel F1976-11 Fairchild2500002nd
RCA Studio II1977-01RCA-2nd
Bally Astrocade1977Midway-2nd
Atari 26001977-09-11Atari Inc.300000002nd
APF-MP10001978-01-01APF-2nd
Interton VC 40001978Interton-2nd
Magnavox Odyssey²1978-12Magnavox/Philips-2nd
Intellivision1980Mattel30000002nd
Epoch Cassette Vision1981-07-30Epoch-2nd
Arcadia 2001/Leisure Vision1982Emerson Radio-2nd
ColecoVision1982-08Coleco20000002nd
Atari 52001982-11Atari Inc.10000002nd
Vectrex1982-11GCE/Milton Bradley Company-2nd
Videopac+ G74001983Philips-3rd
Sega SG-10001983-07-15Sega20000003rd
NES/Family Computer (Famicom)1983-07-15Nintendo620000003rd
Epoch Super Cassette Vision1984-07-17Epoch4000003rd
Sega Mark III/Sega Master System1985-10-20Sega , Tec Toy130000003rd
Family Computer Disk System1986-02-21Nintendo44400003rd
Atari 78001986-05Atari Corporation-3rd
Atari XEGS1987Atari Corporation20000003rd
Amstrad GX40001990-09Amstrad150003rd
Commodore 64 Games System1990-12Commodore-3rd
PC Engine/TurboGrafx-161987-10-30NEC100000004th
Sega Genesis/Mega Drive1988-10-29Sega352500004th
TurboGrafx-CD/CD-ROM²1988-12-04NEC-4th
PC Engine2/SuperGrafx1989-10-08NEC-4th
Neo-Geo AES1990-04-26SNK7500004th
Super NES/Super Famicom1990-11-21Nintendo491000004th
Commodore CDTV1991-03Commodore-4th
CD-i1991-12-03Philips15000004th
Sega CD/Mega CD1991-12-12Sega22400004th
Sega Pico1993-06-26Sega/Majesco Entertainment-4th
Pioneer LaserActive1993-08-20Pioneer Corporation-4th
Neo-Geo CD1994-09-09SNK-4th
Sega 32X1994-11-21Sega8000004th
Satellaview1995-04-23Nintendo-4th
FM Towns Marty1993-02-20Fujitsu-5th
Amiga CD321993-09-17Commodore1000005th
3DO Interactive Multiplayer1993-10-04Panasonic/Sanyo /GoldStar20000005th
Atari Jaguar1993-11-23Atari Corporation2500005th
Sega Saturn1994-11-22Sega92600005th
PlayStation1994-12-03Sony1024900005th
Apple Bandai Pippin1995-03-28Bandai /Apple Inc.420005th
Atari Jaguar CD1995-09-21Atari Corporation-5th
Nintendo 641996-06-23Nintendo329300005th
Nintendo 64DD1999-12-01Nintendo150005th
Dreamcast1998-11-27Sega91300006th
PlayStation 22000-03-04Sony1550000006th
Nintendo GameCube2001-11-14Nintendo217400006th
Xbox2001-11-15Microsoft240000006th
Xbox 3602005-11-22Microsoft837000007th
HyperScan2006-10-23Mattel-7th
PlayStation 32006-11-11Sony800000007th
Wii2006-11-19Nintendo1016300007th
Wii U2012-11-18Nintendo135600008th
PlayStation 42013-11-15Sony1060000008th
Xbox One2013-11-22Microsoft410000008th
Nintendo Switch2017-03-03Nintendo524800008th

Complete List of Video Game Consoles

This is the complete list of consoles, featuring consoles in chronological order starting from the very first console ever released (only pong “clone” consoles have placed on single row). If you find something missing from the list, please let us know in comments below!

NameRelease dateManufacturerUnits soldGeneration
Madnavox Odyssey1972Magnavox3500001st
Pong Clones1975-1978--1st
Fairchild Channel F1976-11 Fairchild2500002nd
RCA Studio II1977-01RCA-2nd
Bally Astrocade1977Midway-2nd
Atari 26001977-09-11Atari Inc.300000002nd
APF-MP10001978-01-01APF-2nd
Champion 27111978Unisonic-2nd
Interton VC 40001978Interton-2nd
Magnavox Odyssey²1978-12Magnavox/Philips-2nd
APF Imagination Machine1979APF-2nd
Bandai Super Vision 80001979Bandai-2nd
Intellivision1980Mattel30000002nd
VTech CreatiVision1981VTech-2nd
Epoch Cassette Vision1981-07-30Epoch-2nd
Arcadia 2001/Leisure Vision1982Emerson Radio-2nd
ColecoVision1982-08Coleco20000002nd
Atari 52001982-11Atari Inc.10000002nd
Vectrex1982-11GCE/Milton Bradley Company-2nd
Compact Vision TV Boy1983-10Gakken-2nd
Videopac+ G74001983Philips-3rd
My Vision1983Nichibutsu-3rd
Pyuuta Jr.1983-04Tomy-3rd
Sega SG-10001983-07-15Sega20000003rd
NES/Family Computer (Famicom)1983-07-15Nintendo620000003rd
PV-10001983-10Casio-3rd
Epoch Super Cassette Vision1984-07-17Epoch4000003rd
Bridge Companion1985BBC/Heber-3rd
Video Art1985LJN-3rd
Zemmix1985Daewoo Electronics-3rd
Sega Mark III/Sega Master System1985-10-20Sega , Tec Toy130000003rd
Family Computer Disk System1986-02-21Nintendo44400003rd
Videosmarts1986Connor Electronics/VTech-3rd
Atari 78001986-05Atari Corporation-3rd
Atari XEGS1987Atari Corporation20000003rd
Video Challenger1987Tomy/Bandai-3rd
Action Max1987Worlds of Wonder-3rd
View-Master Interactive Vision1988View-Master Ideal Group, Inc.-3rd
Terebikko1988Bandai-3rd
VTech Socrates1988VTech-3rd
Video Driver1988-10Sega-3rd
Amstrad GX40001990-09Amstrad150003rd
Commodore 64 Games System1990-12Commodore-3rd
PC Engine/TurboGrafx-161987-10-30NEC100000004th
Sega Genesis/Mega Drive1988-10-29Sega352500004th
TurboGrafx-CD/CD-ROM²1988-12-04NEC-4th
PC Engine2/SuperGrafx1989-10-08NEC-4th
Neo-Geo AES1990-04-26SNK7500004th
Super NES/Super Famicom1990-11-21Nintendo491000004th
Commodore CDTV1991-03Commodore-4th
CD-i1991-12-03Philips15000004th
Sega CD/Mega CD1991-12-12Sega22400004th
Memorex VIS1992-06Memorex/Tandy Corp150004th
Sega Pico1993-06-26Sega/Majesco Entertainment-4th
Picno1993Konami-4th
Pioneer LaserActive1993-08-20Pioneer Corporation-4th
Neo-Geo CD1994-09-09SNK-4th
Sega 32X1994-11-21Sega8000004th
Satellaview1995-04-23Nintendo-4th
Super A'Can1995-10-25Funtech-4th
FM Towns Marty1993-02-20Fujitsu-5th
Amiga CD321993-09-17Commodore1000005th
3DO Interactive Multiplayer1993-10-04Panasonic/Sanyo /GoldStar20000005th
Atari Jaguar1993-11-23Atari Corporation2500005th
CPS Changer1994Capcom-5th
Playdia1994-09-23Bandai-5th
Sega Saturn1994-11-22Sega92600005th
PlayStation1994-12-03Sony1024900005th
PC-FX1994-12-23NEC4000005th
Apple Bandai Pippin1995-03-28Bandai /Apple Inc.420005th
Atari Jaguar CD1995-09-21Atari Corporation-5th
Casio Loopy1995-10-19Casio-5th
Nintendo 641996-06-23Nintendo329300005th
Nintendo 64DD1999-12-01Nintendo150005th
Dreamcast1998-11-27Sega91300006th
Nuon2000VM Labs250006th
PlayStation 22000-03-04Sony1550000006th
Nintendo GameCube2001-11-14Nintendo217400006th
Xbox2001-11-15Microsoft240000006th
iQue Player2003-11-17Nintendo1000006th
Interactive DVD KID's2002RTL-6th
Xavix PORT2004SSD COMPANY LIMITED-6th
V.Smile2004-08-04VTech-6th
Advanced Pico Beena2005Sega3500006th
Game Wave Family Entertainment System2005-10ZAPiT700007th
Xbox 3602005-11-22Microsoft837000007th
V.Flash2006-09VTech-7th
HyperScan2006-10-23Mattel-7th
PlayStation 32006-11-11Sony800000007th
Wii2006-11-19Nintendo1016300007th
Zeebo2009-05-25Zeebo Inc.-7th
Wii U2012-11-18Nintendo135600008th
PlayStation 42013-11-15Sony1060000008th
Xbox One2013-11-22Microsoft410000008th
Nintendo Switch2017-03-03Nintendo524800008th
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best retro consoles

Best Retro Consoles of All Time

Please note! Does not contain any consoles released after 2000 (Nintendo Gamecube, Playstation 2, Microsoft Xbox). Also, this list does not contain any handhelds! No Sega Game Gear, no Nintendo Gameboy, no Tetris.

This list was composed in compliance with various lists (20 Best Gaming Consoles, Best Game Systems – Ranked by Gamers, Best Selling Game Consoles and others). It is based on serious research and includes following aspects: Impact to gaming industry, graphical and technological innovations. Sales numbers and popularity are also taken into account.

Top 15 Video Game Consoles Before 2000

15. Sega Saturn
14. Colecovision
13. Atari Jaguar
12. Intellivision
11. Neo-Geo AES
10. Magnavox Odyssey
09. Sega Master System
08. TurboGrafx-16
07. Sega Dreamcast
06. Nintendo 64
05. Super Nintendo
04. Atari 2600
03. Nintendo NES
02. Sega Genesis
01. Sony Playstation

Not happy with the list? You can also Vote for Your Own Favorite Video Game Consoles! (You can choose more than one)

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The Nintendo Entertainment System is an 8-bit home video game console that was developed and manufactured by Nintendo. It was initially released in Japan as the Family Computer on July 15, 1983, and was later released in New York City in 1985, and throughout the U.S as well as in Europe and Australia during 1986 and 1987.

Complete History of Video Game Consoles

The image below is not complete as it is not including all the lesser known consoles and add-ons. However it is still pretty decent overview of the history.

history of video game consoles

First Generation of Video Game Consoles

Magnavox Odyssey, released in 1972, was the first video game console ever. By today’s standards, the graphics are primitive. It is capable of displaying three square dots on the screen in monochrome black and white, with differing behavior for the dots depending on the game played. It does not have any sound either.

However, Magnavox Odyssey itself was based on another console called “Brown Box”, created between 1967-1969. Brown Box, invented by Ralph Baer, Bill Harrison and Bill Rusch, was a prototype for the first multiplayer, multiprogram video game system. Source: Here

The first generation of video game consoles lasted approximately 12 years. There were hundreds of home video game consoles released during that time. However, most of the consoles released were Pong variations. Most notable releases were: Odyssey series (eight dedicated Odyssey consoles from 1975 to 1978), TV Tennis Electrotennis and Atari Home Pong (1975) and Coleco Telstar series (14 dedicated consoles from 1976 to 1978). List of first generation consoles: Here

Second Generation of Video Game Consoles

Second Generation refers to computer and video games, video game consoles, and handheld video game consoles available from 1976 to 1992. Notable platforms of the second generation include the Fairchild Channel F, Atari 2600, Intellivision, Odyssey², and ColecoVision. Second Generation in depth: Here

Fairchild Channel F was the first of second generation consoles released (in 1976). It was the first programmable ROM cartridge–based video game console, and the first console to use a microprocessor. However, Channel F was not a commercial success (mostly because of Atari VCS / 2600 released the next year).

Atari VCS (later named as Atari 2600) was released in 1977 and became the most dominant console of the era. At launch, the unit was originally priced at US$199 ($823 adjusted for inflation), and shipped with two joysticks and a Combat cartridge. It has wood printed panels, designed to look like a piece of furniture.

video game consoles history atari 2600

Beginning of Third Party Developers

Activision, formed by four former Atari VCS programmers, started developing third-party games to be used on cartridge systems (such as the Atari VCS) in 1979. First, Atari attempted to block the sale of the Activision cartridges, but lost in court, allowing other third-party VCS game developers to flourish.

One such developer was Rob Fulop, who had created the VCS version of Missile Command. More than two million copies of Missile Command were sold. However, Atari only rewarded him with a gift certificate for a free turkey. Fulop promptly left Atari and co-founded Imagic. His first game for the company, Demon Attack, became a hit in 1982.

Other VCS-focused game development companies that sprang up in the early 1980s include US Games, Telesys, Games by Apollo, Data Age, Zimag, Mystique and CommaVid.

Hey! Don’t forget to Vote for Your Own Favorite Video Game Consoles! (You can choose more than one)

Video Game Consoles in Chronologic Order

Below you can find list of consoles released (will be updated to be complete on day) in chronological order starting from earliest home console – Magnavox Odyssey.

Composed by: Retroconsole xyz

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The Sega Genesis, known as the Mega Drive in regions outside of North America, is a 16-bit home video game console developed and sold by Sega. The Genesis was Sega’s third console and the successor to the Master System. Sega released the console as the Mega Drive in Japan in 1988, followed by North America as the Genesis in 1989.

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