Video Games 1975: Intro
Video Games 1975: Japan’s first home video game console, the TV Tennis Electrotennis was released by Epoch. This unusual console was wireless, functioning through a UHF antenna. Horror Games, founded by Nolan Bushnell, published its only game, Shark Jaws, intended to cash-in on the popularity of Steven Spielberg’s film Jaws.
Other Video Games 1975
Taito released Western Gun, the first video game to depict human-to-human combat. Game was designed by Tomohiro Nishikado, it had two distinct joystick controls per player, with one eight-way joystick for moving the computerized cowboy around on the screen and the other for changing the shooting direction. Midway released Gun Fight, an adaptation of Taito’s Western Gun, but this was the first microprocessor-based video game.
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Computer Video Games 1975
Don Daglow developed Dungeon, an early role-playing video game, for the PDP-10. William Crowther developed Adventure (also known as Colossal Cave and ADVENT), the first interactive fiction game, for the PDP-10. Rusty Rutherford developed pedit5, the first dungeon crawl game, for the PLATO system. Also, Dr. Reiner Foerst developed the first first-person racing game, Nürburgring 1 in Germany. Source
Moria is a dungeon crawl style role-playing video game first developed for the PLATO system around 1975. Unlike other rpg games developed at the time, Moria is a first-person game in which the players navigate a series of wireframe mazes (shown in a tiny window) to slay enemies and collect treasure and was nonetheless unique as it wasn’t based on Dungeons & Dragons. It was a pioneering game, allowing parties of up to ten players to travel as a group and message each other, dynamically generating dungeons (instead of pre-computing them). A fun fact – non of the authors had read The Lord of the Rings and were not even aware of the existence of D&D when they began programming Moria, However, the game really does feel like something written by someone who had heard about D&D. In Moria, there were many innovations. It was the first rpg:
- Where your character requires food and water.
- Which allows dual-wielding
- To assign offensive and defensive ratings to weapons
- To segregate arcane and priestly magic
- That deals with secret doors by having players walk through a blank walls
- In which groups of adventurers could team up and fight monsters together
- First video game to depict human-to-human combat: Western Gun by Taito
- First microprocessor-based video game: Gun Fight by Midway
- William Crowther developed Adventure: the first interactive fiction game
- Rusty Rutherford developed pedit5, the first dungeon crawl game
- First first-person view racing game, Nürburgring 1