Video Games 1979: Intro
Video Games 1979: Namco released an early color game Galaxian. Atari released Lunar Lander. Atari also released Asteroids, which becomes Atari’s second best selling game of all time and displaces Space Invaders as the most popular game in the US. Vectorbeam released Tail Gunner, a space shooter with a first-person perspective. Nintendo released Radar Scope, featuring a pseudo-3D, third-person perspective. Later, 2000 out of 3000 manufactured machines were converted to Donkey Kong. Cinematronics released Warrior, one of the first fighting games without a boxing theme. Sega released Monaco GP, featuring full-color and one of their last discrete logic (no CPU) hardware designs.
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Other Video Games 1979
Automated Simulations released Temple of Apshai, one of the first graphical role-playing games for home computers. It remained the best-selling computer RPG until 1982. SubLOGIC released Flight Simulator for the Apple II. Richard Garriott created Akalabeth, a computer role-playing game for the Apple II. It launched Garriott’s career and is a precursor to his highly successful Ultima series. Richard Bartle and Roy Trubshaw created what is commonly recognized as the first playable MUD. Atari’s 8K Star Raiders cartridge was released and became a system seller for the new Atari 400/800 computer line. Source
Video Games 1979: Adventure
Atari released Adventure for the Atari 2600. It is recognized as the first visual adventure game, or action-adventure, and has one of the first known Easter eggs in a video game.
Video Gaming Platforms in 1979
Texas Instruments released the TI-99/4, the first home computer with a 16-bit processor. NEC released the PC-8001, the first in the PC-8000 Series of home computers. Atari released the first two models in the Atari 8-bit family: the Atari 400 and Atari 800 home computers. They featured custom graphics and sound processors, including hardware sprites.
Mattel test marketed the Intellivision console in Fresno, California. It was released throughout the United States in 1980. Milton Bradley Company released the first handheld game console, the Microvision. Nintendo’s Gunpei Yokoi began development on the Game & Watch, released as a line of handheld electronic games in 1980.
- First home computer with a 16-bit processor: TI-99/4
- First handheld game console: Microvision by Milton Bradley
- Commonly known first playable MUD
- First known Easter eggs in a video game: Adventure
- Galaxian: the first game to feature enemies with individual personalities
- First graphical role-playing games for home computers: Temple of Apshai