Video Games 1977: Intro
Video Games 1977: Cinematronics releases Larry Rosenthal’s Space Wars, the first vector graphics arcade game. Tim Anderson, Marc Blank, Bruce Daniels, and Dave Lebling, the future founders of Infocom, developed the first version of Zork.
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Video Games 1977: Hardware
Atari released their first second-generation video games console, Video Computer System (later known as the VCS or Atari 2600) with nine launch titles. RCA Corporation released the Studio II video game console. Bally released their first home console named Bally Home Library Computer (Astrocade) through mail order retailer. Delays in production of the system, however, mean that none of the units will actually ship until the following year. Apple Computer released the Apple II. Tandy released the TRS-80 Model I. Commodore releases the Commodore PET. Source
More releases in 1977
Coleco releases a number of new models of the Telstar console: the Telstar Alpha, the Telstar Colormatic, the Telstar Regent, the Telstar Ranger, the Telstar Galaxy, and the Telstar Combat. Most of these systems feature only minor variations on the original Telstar model, such as new controller types (for example, the Ranger featured a light gun, while the Galaxy included joysticks). Nintendo releases the Color TV Game 6 dedicated console, featuring six variations of Light Tennis (a Pong clone). Nintendo’s partner, Mitsubishi, produces most of the system’s hardware components.
First video game crash
Thanks to the success of Atari’s Pong home console, many other electronics and toy manufactures wanted to capitalize on the growing trend of video games and attempted to make their own clones of the Pong system. But because of over abundance of crappy pong ports and a lack of new, original, and fun games, video games industry had it’s first setback – The Video Game Crash of 1977. More advanced pong consoles didn’t save the industry. In fact, it was Space Invaders (released in 1978), that restored the trust.
- First vector graphics arcade game: Space Wars by Cinematronics