Video Games 1981

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Video Games 1981: Intro

Video Games 1981: Timex releases the Sinclair Research ZX81 in the UK, which is significantly less expensive than other computers on the market. Texas Instruments releases the TI-99/4A, an update to 1979’s TI-99/4. IBM Personal Computer is released for USD$1,565, with 16K RAM, no disk drives, and 4-color CGA graphics. Astrovision distributes the Bally Computer System after buying the rights from Bally/Midway. Acorn Computers Ltd releases the BBC Micro home computer. Commodore Business Machines releases the Commodore VIC-20 home computer. In addition, NEC releases the PC-8801 home computer in Japan. Source: Games in 1981

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video games 1981 sinclair zx81

Consoles 1981

Coleco Industries releases the Total Control 4 home console. Sega test markets the SG-1000 home console in Japan.

Arcade Video Games 1981

Konami releases Scramble, the first side-scrolling shooter with forced scrolling and multiple distinct levels. Williams Electronics releases Defender. Nintendo releases Donkey Kong, which introduces the characters of Donkey Kong and Mario, and sets the template for the platformer genre. It is also one of the first video games with an integral storyline. Namco releases Galaga, the sequel to Galaxian which becomes more popular than the original. Konami releases Frogger. However, Frogger is distributed in North America by Sega-Gremlin.

Other Arcade Video Games 1981

Sega releases Turbo, a racing video game for the VCO Object that features a third-person perspective, rear-view racer format. Williams Electronics releases Stargate, the sequel to Defender. Namco releases Bosconian, the first game to have a continue feature. Jump Bug, the first scrolling platformer, developed by Hoei/Coreland and Alpha Denshi. However, it was distributed in North America by Rock-Ola under license from Sega. Midway releases Gorf and Wizard of Wor. Taito releases twin-stick shooter Space Dungeon. Atari releases Tempest.

The Super Nintendo Entertainment System is a 16-bit home video game console developed by Nintendo. It was released in 1990 in Japan and South Korea, 1991 in North America, 1992 in Europe and Australasia (Oceania), and 1993 in South America.

Computer Games 1981

Ultima is released, starting one of the most successful computer role-playing game franchises. Wizardry is released, starting another successful computer role-playing game franchises. IBM and Microsoft include the game DONKEY.BAS with the IBM PC, arguably the first IBM PC compatible game. Muse Software releases Castle Wolfenstein. The Atari Program Exchange publishes Caverns of Mars, a vertically scrolling shooter for the Atari 8-bit family, and wargame Eastern Front (1941). APX also sells the source code to Eastern Front. Epyx releases turn-based monster game Crush, Crumble and Chomp!. BudgeCo releases Raster Blaster, an Apple II pinball game that’s the precursor to Pinball Construction Set. Infocom releases Zork II: The Wizard of Frobozz.

Gaming innovations

  • First IBM PC compatible game: DONKEY.BAS
  • First side-scrolling shooter with forced scrolling and multiple distinct levels
  • Donkey Kong sets the template for the platformer genre
  • Bosconian was the first game to have a continue feature
  • Jump Bug was the first scrolling platformer
The Nintendo Entertainment System is an 8-bit home video game console that was developed and manufactured by Nintendo. It was initially released in Japan as the Family Computer on July 15, 1983, and was later released in New York City in 1985, and throughout the U.S as well as in Europe and Australia during 1986 and 1987.

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Composed By: Retroconsole xyz

The Sega Genesis, known as the Mega Drive in regions outside of North America, is a 16-bit home video game console developed and sold by Sega. The Genesis was Sega’s third console and the successor to the Master System. Sega released the console as the Mega Drive in Japan in 1988, followed by North America as the Genesis in 1989.

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